1921-22 – “AFRICAN GUIDEBOOKS -PART 6 – EDUCATION FOR THE TRIBES”
Last week, this blog looked at the various schools available for the European and Indian children in Kenya Colony. But what about education for the tribal Africans: the Kikuyu, the Wakamba and others? In Jade del Cameron’s second mystery adventure: Stalking Ivory, she has taken on the education of a young Kikuyu named Jelani, teaching him to read and write in English so that he might become more than a hired workers on someone’s farm.
But in general, this task was left mainly to the various missions. According to the South and East African Yearbook and Guide for 1922, no less than twelve Missionary Societies oversaw 99 mission schools in the Kenya Colony. These were not the same type of schools as those for the more privileged Europeans or even the Indians. There was no goal of matriculating to University. Rather, the emphasis was on a technical education with some thought to “literary education.”
One of those technical schools was at Machako. It “was established for the training of carpenters, masons, and bricklayers. A certain number of teachers and technical instructors are also trained.” A similar school was started in May, 1920 at Waa. Assisted Mission Technical Schools were located at Maseno, Kaloleni, Kakamega, Kikuyu, and Tumu Tumu. Normal schools were situated at Kikuyu, Mombasa, and Maseno. It was estimated that another 30,000 children attended “unassisted Mission Schools” in the colony.
Finally, agricultural education was provided for “both Europeans and natives” at the Kebete experimental farm.
Next week: More from the African manuals: Advice on Sleeping Sickness
NOTE: These blogs are meant to give some insight into the life and times of my fictional character, Jade del Cameron. Jade’s mystery adventures take place in post WWI Africa. To date they are: Mark of the Lion, Stalking Ivory, and The Serpent’s Daughter, and The Leopard’s Prey, all available in trade paperback. TREASURE OF THE GOLDEN CHEETAH is available in hardcover. THE CROCODILE’S LAST EMBRACE will be released Sept. 7, 2010. An excerpt and information on ordering signed copies is available at the website: www.suzannearruda.com. Follow short updates on http://twitter.com/SuzanneArruda