MARRAKECH: PART 2 - THE RAMPARTS
Marrakech got its nickname, the “red city” because of its imposing red ramparts, the walls that circumvent the entire old city, or medina. An occasional turret stands out as a reminder of the defensive nature of these walls.
The walls are made of a mud-brick called pisé, similar to adobe in the southwest United States. The walls were built upwards around wooden scaffolding as both a framework to hold the clay, and a method for allowing the workers to climb higher. As the wood decomposed within, it left indentations. Most of these indentations are six or seven feet above ground at the minimum, but along the western wall, there were rows that were only a few feet off the ground. This is the area that Jade used in The Serpent’s Daughter to scale the wall at night when the gates were closed.